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11.7.1: Key Terms

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    Key Terms

    11.1 Voting Methods

    • majority
    • plurality
    • runoff election
    • runoff voting system
    • two-round system
    • Hare Method
    • preference ranking
    • ranked ballot
    • ranked-choice voting (RCV)
    • instant runoff voting (IRV)
    • Borda count method
    • Borda score
    • Compromise candidate
    • divisive candidate
    • pairwise comparison method
    • Condorcet voting methods
    • Condorcet candidate
    • approval voting system
    • approval voting ballot
    • spoiler

    11.2 Fairness in Voting Methods

    • majority criterion
    • tyranny of the majority
    • Condorcet criterion
    • Condorcet method
    • monotonicity criterion
    • up-rank
    • down-rank
    • independence of irrelevant alternatives criterion (IIA)
    • Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem
    • cardinal voting system

    11.3 Standard Divisors, Standard Quotas, and the Apportionment Problem

    • apportion
    • apportionment problem
    • proportional
    • part-to-part ratio
    • representative democracies
    • standard divisor
    • states
    • seats
    • house size
    • state population
    • total population
    • standard quota

    11.4 Apportionment Methods

    • apportionment problem
    • lower quota
    • upper quota

    11.5 Fairness in Apportionment Methods

    • apportionment paradox
    • Alabama paradox
    • reapportionment
    • population growth rate
    • population paradox
    • new-state paradox

    This page titled 11.7.1: Key Terms is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by OpenStax via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform.

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