# 3.3: Exercises

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## Exercise $$\PageIndex{1}$$

For each of the following functions,

1. $$f(x)=3x+1$$
2. $$f(x)=x^2-x$$
3. $$f(x)=\sqrt{x^2-9}$$
4. $$f(x)=\frac{1}{x}$$
5. $$f(x)=\frac{x-5}{x+2}$$
6. $$f(x)=-x^3$$

calculate the function values

1. $$f(3)$$
2. $$f(5)$$
3. $$f(-2)$$
4. $$f(0)$$
5. $$f(\sqrt{13})$$
6. $$f(\sqrt{2}+3)$$
7. $$f(-x)$$
8. $$f(x+2)$$
9. $$f(x)+h$$
10. $$f(x+h)$$
1. $$10$$
2. $$16$$
3. $$-5$$
4. $$1$$
5. $$3 \sqrt{13}+1$$
6. $$3 \sqrt{2}+10$$
7. $$-3 x+1$$
8. $$3 x+7$$
9. $$3 x+1+h$$
10. $$3 x+3 h+1$$
1. $$6$$
2. $$20$$
3. $$6$$
4. $$0$$
5. $$13-\sqrt{13}$$
6. $$8+5 \sqrt{2}$$
7. $$x^{2}+x$$
8. $$x^{2}+3 x+2$$
9. $$x^{2}-x+h$$
10. $$x^{2}+2 x h+h^{2}-x-h$$
1. $$0$$
2. $$4$$
3. undefined
4. undefined
5. $$2$$
6. $$\sqrt{2+6 \sqrt{2}}$$
7. $$\sqrt{x^{2}-9}$$
8. $$\sqrt{x^{2}+4 x-5}$$
9. $$\sqrt{x^{2}-9}+h$$
10. $$\sqrt{x^{2}+2 x h+h^{2}-9}$$
1. $$\dfrac{1}{3}$$
2. $$\dfrac{1}{5}$$
3. $$-\dfrac{1}{2}$$
4. undefined
5. $$\dfrac{\sqrt{13}}{13}$$
6. $$\dfrac{3-\sqrt{2}}{7}$$
7. $$-\dfrac{1}{x}$$
8. $$\dfrac{1}{x+2}$$
9. $$\dfrac{1+x h}{x}$$
10. $$\dfrac{1}{x+h}$$
1. $$\dfrac{-2}{5}$$
2. $$0$$
3. undefined
4. $$\dfrac{-5}{2}$$
5. $$\dfrac{\sqrt{13}-5}{\sqrt{13}+2}=\dfrac{23-7 \sqrt{13}}{9}$$
6. $$\dfrac{\sqrt{2}-2}{\sqrt{2}+5}=\dfrac{-12+7 \sqrt{2}}{23}$$
7. $$\dfrac{-x-5}{-x+2}$$
8. $$\dfrac{x-3}{x+4}$$
9. $$\dfrac{x-5+h x+2 h}{x+2}$$
10. $$\dfrac{x+h-5}{x+h+2}$$
1. $$-27$$
2. $$-125$$
3. $$8$$
4. $$0$$
5. $$-\sqrt{2197}$$
6. $$-45-29 \sqrt{2}$$
7. $$x^{3}$$
8. $$f(x+2)=-(x+2)^{3}$$ or in descending order $$f(x+2)=-x^{3}-6 x^{2}-12 x-8$$
9. $$-x^{3}+h$$
10. $$-(x+h)^{3}$$ or $$-x^{3}-3 x^{2} h-3 x h^{2}-h^{3}$$

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{2}$$

Let $$f$$ be the piecewise defined function

$f(x)=\left\{ \begin{matrix} x-5 & \text{, for}& -4<x< 3 \\ x^2 & \text{, for}& 3\leq x\leq 6 \end{matrix} \right. \nonumber$

1. State the domain of the function.

Find the function values

1. $$f(2)$$
2. $$f(5)$$
3. $$f(-3)$$
4. $$f(3)$$
1. $$D=(-4,6]$$
2. $$-3$$
3. $$25$$
4. $$-8$$
5. $$9$$

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{3}$$

Let $$f$$ be the piecewise defined function

$f(x)=\left\{ \begin{matrix} |x|-x^2 & \text{, for}& x< 2 \\ 7 & \text{, for}& 2\leq x< 5 \\ x^2-4x+1 & \text{, for} & 5< x \end{matrix} \right. \nonumber$

1. State the domain of the function.

Find the function values

1. $$f(1)$$
2. $$f(-2)$$
3. $$f(3)$$
4. $$f(2)$$
5. $$f(5)$$
6. $$f(7)$$
1. $$D=(-\infty, 5) \cup(5, \infty)$$, or, alternatively, $$D=\mathbb{R}-\{5\}$$
2. $$0$$
3. $$-2$$
4. $$7$$
5. $$7$$
6. undefined
7. $$22$$

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{4}$$

Find the difference quotient $$\dfrac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$$ for the following functions:

1. $$f(x)=5x$$
2. $$f(x)=2x-6$$
3. $$f(x)=x^2$$
4. $$f(x)=x^2+5x$$
5. $$f(x)=x^2+3x+4$$
6. $$f(x)=3-x^2$$
7. $$f(x)=x^2+4x-9$$
8. $$f(x)=3x^2-2x+7$$
9. $$f(x)=x^3$$
1. $$5$$
2. $$2$$
3. $$2 x+h$$
4. $$2 x+5+h$$
5. $$2 x+3+h$$
6. $$-2 x-h$$
7. $$2 x+4+h$$
8. $$6 x-2+3 h$$
9. $$3 x^{2}+3 x h+h^{2}$$

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{5}$$

Find the difference quotient $$\dfrac{f(x)-f(a)}{x-a}$$ for the following functions:

1. $$f(x)=3x$$
2. $$f(x)=4x-7$$
3. $$f(x)=x^2-3x$$
4. $$f(x)=\dfrac{1}{x}$$
1. $$3$$
2. $$4$$
3. $$x+a-3$$
4. $$\dfrac{-1}{a x}$$

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{6}$$

Find the domains of the following functions.

1. $$f(x)=x^2+3x+5$$
2. $$f(x)=|x-2|$$
3. $$f(x)=\sqrt{x-2}$$
4. $$f(x)=\sqrt{8-2x}$$
5. $$f(x)=\sqrt{|x+3|}$$
6. $$f(x)=\dfrac{1}{x+6}$$
7. $$f(x)=\dfrac{x-5}{x-7}$$
8. $$f(x)=\dfrac{x+1}{x^2-7x+10}$$
9. $$f(x)=\dfrac{x}{|x-2|}$$
10. $$f(x)= \begin{cases}|x| & \text { for } 1<x<2 \\ 2 x & \text { for } 3 \leq x\end{cases}$$
11. $$f(x)=\dfrac{\sqrt{x}}{x-9}$$
12. $$f(x)=\dfrac{5}{\sqrt{x+4}}$$
1. $$D=\mathbb{R}$$ all real numbers
2. $$D=\mathbb{R}$$
3. $$D=[2, \infty)$$
4. $$D=(-\infty, 4]$$
5. $$D=\mathbb{R}$$
6. $$D=\mathbb{R}-\{-6\}$$
7. $$D=\mathbb{R}-\{7\}$$
8. $$D=\mathbb{R}-\{2,5\}$$
9. $$D=\mathbb{R}-\{2\}$$
10. $$D=(1,2) \cup[3, \infty)$$
11. $$D=[0,9) \cup(9, \infty)$$
12. $$D=(-4, \infty)$$

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{7}$$

Below are three graphs for the functions $$f$$, $$g$$, and $$h$$. 1. Find the domain and range of $$f$$.
2. Find the domain and range of $$g$$.
3. Find the domain and range of $$h$$.

Find the following function values:

1. $$f(1)$$
2. $$f(2)$$
3. $$f(3)$$
4. $$f(4)$$
5. $$f(5)$$
6. $$f(6)$$
7. $$f(7)$$
8. $$g(0)$$
9. $$g(1)$$
10. $$g(2)$$
11. $$g(3)$$
12. $$g(4)$$
13. $$g(6)$$
14. $$g(13.2)$$
15. $$h(-2)$$
16. $$h(-1)$$
17. $$h(0)$$
18. $$h(1)$$
19. $$h(2)$$
20. $$h(3)$$
21. $$h(\sqrt{2})$$
1. domain $$D_{f}=[1,3) \cup[4,6]$$ and range $$R_{f}=[1,3]$$
2. $$D_{g}=\mathbb{R}$$ and $$R_{g}=[2,3]$$
3. $$D_{h}=(-2,0) \cup(0,2) \cup(2,3)$$ and $$R_{h}=\{-1\} \cup(0,1]$$
4. $$1$$
5. $$3$$
6. undefined
7. $$2$$
8. $$2$$
9. $$3$$
10. undefined
11. $$2$$
12. $$2$$
13. $$3$$
14. $$2.5$$
15. $$2$$
16. $$2$$
17. $$2$$
18. undefined
19. $$1$$
20. undefined
21. $$-1$$
22. undefined
23. undefined
24. $$-1$$

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{8}$$

Use the vertical line test to determine which of the following graphs are the graphs of functions?

1. 2. 3. 4. 1. not a function
2. this is a function
3. not a function
4. not a function

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{9}$$

Let $$f$$ be the function given by the following graph. 1. What is the domain of $$f$$?
2. What is the range of $$f$$?
3. For which $$x$$ is $$f(x)=0$$?
4. For which $$x$$ is $$f(x)=2$$?
5. For which $$x$$ is $$f(x)\leq 1$$?
6. For which $$x$$ is $$f(x)> 0$$?
7. Find $$f(2)$$ and $$f(5)$$.
8. Find $$f(2)+f(5)$$.
9. Find $$f(2)+5$$.
10. Find $$f(2+5)$$.
1. $$D=(-3,4) \cup(4,7]$$
2. $$R=(-2,2]$$
3. $$x=-2$$ or $$x=0$$ or $$x=7$$
4. $$x \in(4,5]$$
5. $$x \in(-3,-1] \cup[0,4) \cup[6,7]$$
6. $$x \in(-2,0) \cup(4,7)$$
7. $$f(2)=-1$$, $$f(5)=2$$
8. $$f(2)+f(5)=1$$
9. $$f(2)+5=4$$
10. $$f(2+5)=0$$

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{10}$$

The graph below displays the number of students admitted to a college during the years 1995 to 2007. 1. How many students were admitted in the year 2000?
2. In what years were the most students admitted?
3. In what years did the number of admitted students rise fastest?
4. In what year(s) did the number of admitted students decline?
1. Approximately 3,900 students were admitted in the year 2000
2. The most students were admitted in 2007
3. In 2000, the number of admitted students rose fastest.
4. In 2003 the number of admitted students declined.

## Exercise $$\PageIndex{11}$$

Consider the function described by the following formula:

$f(x)=\left\{ \begin{matrix} x^2+1 & \text{, for}& -2< x\leq 0 \\ x-1 & \text{, for}& 0<x\leq 2 \\ -x+4 & \text{, for} & 2<x\leq 5 \end{matrix} \right. \nonumber$

What is the domain of the function $$f$$? Graph the function $$f$$.

domain $$D=(-2,5]$$ 