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Mathematics LibreTexts

Chapter 5: Systems of Equations and Inequalities

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    In this chapter, we will investigate matrices and their inverses, and various ways to use matrices to solve systems of equations. First, however, we will study systems of equations on their own: linear and nonlinear, and then partial fractions.

    • Section 5.1: Systems of Linear Equations - Two Variables
      A system of linear equations consists of two or more equations made up of two or more variables such that all equations in the system are considered simultaneously. The solution to a system of linear equations in two variables is any ordered pair that satisfies each equation independently. Systems of equations are classified as independent with one solution, dependent with an infinite number of solutions, or inconsistent with no solution.
    • Section 5.2: Systems of Linear Equations - Three Variables
    • Section 5.3: Systems of Nonlinear Equations and Inequalities - Two Variables
      In this section, we will consider the intersection of a parabola and a line, a circle and a line, and a circle and an ellipse. The methods for solving systems of nonlinear equations are similar to those for linear equations.
    • Section 5.4: Partial Fractions
      Decompose a ratio of polynomials by writing the partial fractions. Solve by clearing the fractions, expanding the right side, collecting like terms, and setting corresponding coefficients equal to each other, then setting up and solving a system of equations. The decomposition with repeated linear factors must account for the factors of the denominator in increasing powers. The decomposition with a nonrepeated irreducible quadratic factor needs a linear numerator over the quadratic factor.