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Mathematics LibreTexts

4.8E: Antiderivative and Indefinite Integral Exercises

  • Page ID
    17355
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    4.8: Antiderivatives

    For exercises 1 - 20, find the antiderivative \(F(x)\) of each function \(f(x).\)

    1)    \(f(x)=\frac{1}{x^2}+x\)

    2)    \(f(x)=e^x−3x^2+\sin x\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=e^x−x^3−\cos(x)+C\)

    3)    \(f(x)=e^x+3x−x^2\)

    4)    \(f(x)=x−1+4\sin(2x)\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=\frac{x^2}{2}−x−2\cos(2x)+C\)

    5)    \(f(x)=5x^4+4x^5\)

    6)    \(f(x)=x+12x^2\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=\frac{1}{2}x^2+4x^3+C\)

    7)    \(f(x)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{x}}\)

    8)    \(f(x)=(\sqrt{x})^3\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=\frac{2}{5}(\sqrt{x})^5+C\)

    9)    \(f(x)=x^{1/3}+(2x)^{1/3}\)

    10)    \(f(x)=\frac{x^{1/3}}{x^{2/3}}\)

    Answer:
    \((F(x)=\frac{3}{2}x^{2/3}+C\)

    11)    \(f(x)=2\sin(x)+\sin(2x)\)

    12)    \(f(x)=\sec^2(x)+1\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=x+\tan(x)+C\)

    13)    \(f(x)=\sin x\cos x\)

    14)    \(f(x)=\sin^2(x)\cos(x)\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=\frac{1}{3}\sin^3(x)+C\)

    15)    \(f(x)=0\)

    16)    \(f(x)=\frac{1}{2}\csc^2(x)+\frac{1}{x^2}\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=−\frac{1}{2}\cot(x)−\frac{1}{x}+C\)

    17)    \(f(x)=\csc x\cot x+3x\)

    18)    \(f(x)=4\csc x\cot x−\sec x\tan x\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=−\sec x−4\csc x+C\)

    19)    \(f(x)=8\sec x(\sec x−4\tan x)\)

    20)    \(f(x)=\frac{1}{2}e^{−4x}+\sin x\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=−\frac{1}{8}e^{−4x}−cosx+C\)

     

    For exercises 21 - 29, evaluate the integral.

    21)    \(\displaystyle ∫(−1)\,dx\)

    22)    \(\displaystyle ∫\sin x\,dx\)

    Answer:
    \(\displaystyle ∫\sin x\,dx = −\cos x+C\)

    23)    \(\displaystyle ∫(4x+\sqrt{x})\,dx\)

    24)    \(\displaystyle ∫\frac{3x^2+2}{x^2}\,dx\)

    Answer:
    \(\displaystyle ∫\frac{3x^2+2}{x^2}\,dx=3x−\frac{2}{x}+C\)

    25)    \(\displaystyle ∫(\sec x\tan x+4x)\,dx\)

    26)    \(\displaystyle ∫(4\sqrt{x}+\sqrt[4]{x})\,dx\)

    Answer:
    \(\displaystyle ∫(4\sqrt{x}+\sqrt[4]{x})\,dx=\frac{8}{3}x^{3/2}+\frac{4}{5}x^{5/4}+C\)

    27)    \(\displaystyle ∫(x^{−1/3}−x^{2/3})\,dx\)

    28)    \(\displaystyle ∫\frac{14x^3+2x+1}{x^3}\,dx\)

    Answer:
    \(\displaystyle ∫\frac{14x^3+2x+1}{x^3}\,dx=14x−\frac{2}{x}−\frac{1}{2x^2}+C\)

    29)    \(\displaystyle ∫(e^x+e^{−x})\,dx\)

     

    In exercises 30 - 34, solve the initial value problem.

    30)  \(f′(x)=x^{−3},\quad f(1)=1\)

    Answer:
    \(f(x)=−\frac{1}{2x^2}+\frac{3}{2}\)

    31)  \(f′(x)=\sqrt{x}+x^2,\quad f(0)=2\)

    32)  \(f′(x)=\cos x+\sec^2(x),\quad f(\frac{π}{4})=2+\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\)

    Answer:
    \(f(x)=\sin x+\tan x+1\)

    33)  \(f′(x)=x^3−8x^2+16x+1,\quad f(0)=0\)

    34)  \(f′(x)=\frac{2}{x^2}−\frac{x^2}{2},\quad f(1)=0\)

    Answer:
    \(f(x)=−\frac{1}{6}x^3−\frac{2}{x}+\frac{13}{6}\)

     

    In exercises 35 - 39, find two possible functions \(f\) given the second- or third-order derivatives

    35) \(f''(x)=x^2+2\)

    36) \(f''(x)=e^{−x}\)

    Answer:
    Answers may vary; one possible answer is \(f(x)=e^{−x}\)

    37) \(f''(x)=1+x\)

    38) \(f'''(x)=\cos x\)

    Answer:
    Answers may vary; one possible answer is \(f(x)=−\sin x\)

    39) \(f'''(x)=8e^{−2x}−\sin x\)

     

    40) A car is being driven at a rate of \(40\) mph when the brakes are applied. The car decelerates at a constant rate of \(10\, \text{ft/sec}^2\). How long before the car stops?

    Answer:
    \(5.867\) sec

    41) In the preceding problem, calculate how far the car travels in the time it takes to stop.

    42) You are merging onto the freeway, accelerating at a constant rate of \(12\, \text{ft/sec}^2\). How long does it take you to reach merging speed at \(60\) mph?

    Answer:
    \(7.333\) sec

    43) Based on the previous problem, how far does the car travel to reach merging speed?

    44) A car company wants to ensure its newest model can stop in \(8\) sec when traveling at \(75\) mph. If we assume constant deceleration, find the value of deceleration that accomplishes this.

    Answer:
    \(13.75\, \text{ft/sec}^2\)

    45) A car company wants to ensure its newest model can stop in less than \(450\) ft when traveling at \(60\) mph. If we assume constant deceleration, find the value of deceleration that accomplishes this.

     

    For exercises 46 - 51, find the antiderivative of the function, assuming \(F(0)=0.\)

    46) [T] \(\quad (f(x)=x^2+2\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=\frac{1}{3}x^3+2x\)

    47) [T] \(\quad f(x)=4x−\sqrt{x}\)

    48) [T] \(\quad f(x)=\sin x+2x\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=x^2−\cos x+1\)

    49) [T] \(\quad f(x)=e^x\)

    50) [T] \(\quad f(x)=\frac{1}{(x+1)^2}\)

    Answer:
    \(F(x)=−\frac{1}{(x+1)}+1\)

    51) [T] \(\quad f(x)=e^{−2x}+3x^2\)

     

    In exercises 52 - 55, determine whether the statement is true or false. Either prove it is true or find a counterexample if it is false.

    52) If \(f(x)\) is the antiderivative of \(v(x)\), then \(2f(x)\) is the antiderivative of \(2v(x).\)

    Answer:
    True

    53) If \(f(x)\) is the antiderivative of \(v(x)\), then \(f(2x)\) is the antiderivative of \(v(2x).\)

    54) If \(f(x)\) is the antiderivative of \(v(x),\) then \(f(x)+1\) is the antiderivative of \(v(x)+1.\)

    Answer:
    False

    55) If \(f(x)\) is the antiderivative of \(v(x)\), then \((f(x))^2\) is the antiderivative of \((v(x))^2.\)