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Mathematics LibreTexts

2.4E: Exercises

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    30295
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    Practice Makes Perfect

    Solve a Formula for a Specific Variable

    In the following exercises, solve the given formula for the specified variable.

    1.  Solve the formula \(C=πd\) for \(d\).

    Answer

    \(d=\dfrac{C}{π}\)

    2.  Solve the formula \(C=πd\) for \(π\).

    3.  Solve the formula \(V=LWH\) for \(L\).

    Answer

    \(L=\dfrac{V}{WH}\)

    4.  Solve the formula \(V=LWH\) for \(H\).

    5.  Solve the formula \(A=\frac{1}{2}bh\) for \(b\).

    Answer

    \(b=\dfrac{2A}{h}\)

    6.  Solve the formula \(A=\frac{1}{2}bh\) for \(h\).

    7.  Solve the formula

    \(A=\frac{1}{2}d_1d_2\) for \(d_1\).

    Answer

    \(d_1=\dfrac{2A}{d_2}\)

    8.  Solve the formula

    \(A=\frac{1}{2}d_1d_2\) for \(d_2.\)

    9.  Solve the formula

    \(A=\frac{1}{2}h(b_1+b_2)\) for \(b_1\).

    Answer

    \(b_1=\dfrac{2A}{h}−b_2\)

    10.  Solve the formula

    \(A=\frac{1}{2}h(b_1+b_2)\) for \(b_2\).

    11.  Solve the formula

    \(h=54t+\frac{1}{2}at^2\) for \(a\).

    Answer

    \(a=\dfrac{2h−108t}{t^2}\)

    12.  Solve the formula

    \(h=48t+\frac{1}{2}at^2\) for \(a\).

    13.  Solve \(180=a+b+c\) for \(a\).

    Answer

    \(a=180−b−c\)

    14.  Solve \(180=a+b+c\) for \(c\).

    15.  Solve the formula

    \(A=\frac{1}{2}pI+B\) for \(p\).

    Answer

    \(p=\dfrac{2A−2B}{I}\)

    16.  Solve the formula

    \(A=\frac{1}{2}pI+B\) for \(I\).

    17.  Solve the formula

    \(P=2L+2W\) for \(L\).

    Answer

    \(L=\dfrac{P−2W}{2}\)

    18.  Solve the formula

    \(P=2L+2W\) for \(W\).

    In the following exercises, solve for the formula for \(y\).

    19.  Solve the formula

    \(8x+y=15\) for \(y\).

    Answer

    \(y=15−8x\)

    20.  Solve the formula

    \(9x+y=13\) for \(y\).

    21.  Solve the formula

    \(−4x+y=−6\) for \(y\).

    Answer

    \(y=−6+4x\)

    22.  Solve the formula

    \(−5x+y=−1\) for \(y\).

    23.  Solve the formula

    \(x−y=−4\) for \(y\).

    Answer

    \(y=4+x\)

    24.  Solve the formula

    \(x−y=−3\) for \(y\).

    25.  Solve the formula

    \(4x+3y=7\) for \(y\).

    Answer

    \(y=\frac{7−4x}{3}\)

    26.  Solve the formula

    \(3x+2y=11\) for \(y\).

    27.  Solve the formula

    \(2x+3y=12\) for \(y\).

    Answer

    \(y=\frac{12−2x}{3}\)

    28.  Solve the formula

    \(5x+2y=10\) for \(y\).

    29.  Solve the formula

    \(3x−2y=18\) for \(y\).

    Answer

    \(y=\frac{18−3x}{−2}\)

    30.  Solve the formula

    \(4x−3y=12\) for \(y\).

    Use Formulas to Solve Geometry Applications

    In the following exercises, solve using a geometry formula.

    31.  A triangular flag has area 0.75 square feet and height 1.5 foot. What is its base?

    Answer

    1 foot

    32.  A triangular window has area 24 square feet and height six feet. What is its base?

    33.  What is the base of a triangle with area 207 square inches and height 18 inches?

    Answer

    23 inches

    34.  What is the height of a triangle with area 893 square inches and base 38 inches?

    35.  The two smaller angles of a right triangle have equal measures. Find the measures of all three angles.

    Answer

    \(45°,\; 45°,\; 90°\)

    36.  The measure of the smallest angle of a right triangle is \(20°\) less than the measure of the next larger angle. Find the measures of all three angles.

    37.  The angles in a triangle are such that one angle is twice the smallest angle, while the third angle is three times as large as the smallest angle. Find the measures of all three angles.

    Answer

    \(30°,\; 60°,\; 90°\)

    38.  The angles in a triangle are such that one angle is \(20\) more than the smallest angle, while the third angle is three times as large as the smallest angle. Find the measures of all three angles.

    In the following exercises, use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of the hypotenuse.

    39.
    The figure is a right triangle with sides 9 units and 12 units.

    Answer

    \(15\)

    40.
    The figure is a right triangle with sides 16 units and 12 units.

    41.
    The figure is a right triangle with sides 15 units and 20 units.

    Answer

    \(25\)

    42.
    The figure is a right triangle with sides 5 units and 12 units.

    In the following exercises, use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the length of the unknown leg. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

    43.
    The figure is a right triangle with sides 6 units and 10 units.

    Answer

    \(8\)

    44.
    The figure is a right triangle with a side that is 8 units and a hypotenuse that is 17 units.

    45.
    The figure is a right triangle with a side that is 5 units and a hypotenuse that is 13 units.

    Answer

    \(12\)

    46.
    The figure is a right triangle with a side that is 16 units and a hypotenuse that is 20 units.

    47.
    The figure is a right triangle with a side that is 8 units and a hypotenuse that is 13 units.

    Answer

    \(10.2\)

    48.
    The figure is a right triangle with sides that are both 6 units.

    49.
    The figure is a right triangle with sides that are 5 units and 11 units.

    Answer

    \(9.8\)

    50.
    The figure is a right triangle with sides that are 5 units and 7 units.

    In the following exercises, solve using a geometry formula.

    51.  The width of a rectangle is seven meters less than the length. The perimeter is \(58\) meters. Find the length and width.

    Answer

    \(18\) meters, \(11\) meters

    52.  The length of a rectangle is eight feet more than the width. The perimeter is \(60\) feet. Find the length and width.

    53.  The width of the rectangle is \(0.7\) meters less than the length. The perimeter of a rectangle is \(52.6\) meters. Find the dimensions of the rectangle.

    Answer

    \(13.5\) m, \(12.8\) m

    54.  The length of the rectangle is \(1.1\) meters less than the width. The perimeter of a rectangle is \(49.4\) meters. Find the dimensions of the rectangle.

    55.  The perimeter of a rectangle of \(150\) feet. The length of the rectangle is twice the width. Find the length and width of the rectangle.

    Answer

    \(25\) ft, \(50\) ft

    56.  The length of the rectangle is three times the width. The perimeter of a rectangle is \(72\) feet. Find the length and width of the rectangle.

    57.  The length of the rectangle is three meters less than twice the width. The perimeter of a rectangle is \(36\) meters. Find the dimensions of the rectangle.

    Answer

    \(7\) m, \(11\) m

    58.  The length of a rectangle is five inches more than twice the width. The perimeter is \(34\) inches. Find the length and width.

    59.  The perimeter of a triangle is \(39\) feet. One side of the triangle is one foot longer than the second side. The third side is two feet longer than the second side. Find the length of each side.

    Answer

    \(12\) ft, \(13\) ft, \(14\) ft

    60.  The perimeter of a triangle is \(35\) feet. One side of the triangle is five feet longer than the second side. The third side is three feet longer than the second side. Find the length of each side.

    61.  One side of a triangle is twice the smallest side. The third side is five feet more than the shortest side. The perimeter is \(17\) feet. Find the lengths of all three sides.

    Answer

    \(3\) ft, \(6\) ft, \(8\) ft

    62.  One side of a triangle is three times the smallest side. The third side is three feet more than the shortest side. The perimeter is \(13\) feet. Find the lengths of all three sides.

    63.  The perimeter of a rectangular field is \(560\) yards. The length is \(40\) yards more than the width. Find the length and width of the field.

    Answer

    \(120\) yd, \(160\) yd

    64.  The perimeter of a rectangular atrium is \(160\) feet. The length is \(16\) feet more than the width. Find the length and width of the atrium.

    65.  A rectangular parking lot has perimeter \(250\) feet. The length is five feet more than twice the width. Find the length and width of the parking lot.

    Answer

    \(40\) ft, \(85\) ft

    66.  A rectangular rug has perimeter \(240\) inches. The length is \(12\) inches more than twice the width. Find the length and width of the rug.

    In the following exercises, solve. Approximate answers to the nearest tenth, if necessary.

    67.  A \(13\)-foot string of lights will be attached to the top of a \(12\)-foot pole for a holiday display as shown. How far from the base of the pole should the end of the string of lights be anchored?

    The figure is an illustration that shows a 13 foot string of lights attached diagonally to the top of a 12 foot pole.

    Answer

    \(5\) feet

    68.  Pam wants to put a banner across her garage door diagonally, as shown, to congratulate her son for his college graduation. The garage door is \(12\) feet high and \(16\) feet wide. How long should the banner be to fit the garage door?

    The figure is an illustration of a banner positioned diagonally across a garage door that is 12 feet high and 16 feet wide.

    69.  Chi is planning to put a diagonal path of paving stones through her flower garden as shown. The flower garden is a square with side \(10\) feet. What will the length of the path be?

    The figure is an illustration of a diagonal path of stones through a square garden with 10 foot sides.

    Answer

    \(14.1\) feet

    70.  Brian borrowed a \(20\)-foot extension ladder to use when he paints his house. If he sets the base of the ladder six feet from the house as shown, how far up will the top of the ladder reach?

    The figure is an illustration of a house that has a ladder against it. The ladder is 20 feet. Its base is positioned 6 feet from the house.

    Everyday Math

    71.  Converting temperature While on a tour in Greece, Tatyana saw that the temperature was \(40°\) Celsius. Solve for \(F\) in the formula \(C=\frac{5}{9}(F−32)\) to find the Fahrenheit temperature.

    Answer

    \(104°\) F

    72.  Converting temperature Yon was visiting the United States and he saw that the temperature in Seattle one day was \(50°\) Fahrenheit. Solve for \(C\) in the formula \(F=\frac{9}{5}C+32\) to find the Celsius temperature

    73.  Christa wants to put a fence around her triangular flowerbed. The sides of the flowerbed are six feet, eight feet and \(10\) feet. How many feet of fencing will she need to enclose her flowerbed?

    Answer

    \(24\) ft

    74.  Jose just removed the children’s play set from his back yard to make room for a rectangular garden. He wants to put a fence around the garden to keep the dog out. He has a \(50\)-foot roll of fence in his garage that he plans to use. To fit in the backyard, the width of the garden must be \(10\) feet. How long can he make the other side?

    Writing Exercises

    75.  If you need to put tile on your kitchen floor, do you need to know the perimeter or the area of the kitchen? Explain your reasoning.

    Answer

    Answers will vary.

    76.  If you need to put a fence around your backyard, do you need to know the perimeter or the area of the backyard? Explain your reasoning.

    77.  Look at the two figures below.

    A figure of a rectangle with a width that is 2 units and a length that is 8 units and a square with sides that are 4 units.

    a. Which figure looks like it has the larger area? Which looks like it has the larger perimeter?

    b. Now calculate the area and perimeter of each figure. Which has the larger area? Which has the larger perimeter?

    c. Were the results of part (b) the same as your answers in part (a)? Is that surprising to you?

    Answer

    a. Answers will vary. b. The areas are the same. The \(2×8\) rectangle has a larger perimeter than the \(4×4\) square.

    c. Answers will vary.

    78.  Write a geometry word problem that relates to your life experience, then solve it and explain all your steps.

    Self Check

    a. After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section.

    This table has four columns and three rows. The first row is a header and it labels each column, “I can…”, “Confidently,” “With some help,” and “No-I don’t get it!” In row 2, the I can was solve a formula for a specific variable. In row 3, the I can was use formulas to solve geometry applications.

    b. What does this checklist tell you about your mastery of this section? What steps will you take to improve?