Skip to main content
\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)
Mathematics LibreTexts

3R: Chapter 3 Review Exercises

  • Page ID
    3443
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    Chapter Review Exercises

    True or False? Justify the answer with a proof or a counterexample.

    1) Every function has a derivative.

    Answer
    False

    2) A continuous function has a continuous derivative.

    3) A continuous function has a derivative.

    Answer
    False

    4) If a function is differentiable, it is continuous.

    In exercises 5 and 6, use the limit definition of the derivative to exactly evaluate the derivative.

    5) \(f(x)=\sqrt{x+4}\)

    Answer
    \(f'(x) = \dfrac{1}{2\sqrt{x+4}}\)

    6) \(f(x)=\dfrac{3}{x}\)

    In exercises 7 - 15, find the derivatives of the given functions.

    7) \(f(x)=3x^3−\dfrac{4}{x^2}\)

    Answer
    \(f'(x) = 9x^2+\frac{8}{x^3}\)

    9) \(f(x)=(4−x^2)^3\)

    10) \(f(x)=e^{\sin x}\)

    Answer
    \(f'(x) = e^{\sin x}\cos x\)

    11) \(f(x)=\ln(x+2)\)

    12) \(f(x)=x^2\cos x+x\tan x\)

    Answer
    \(f'(x) = x\sec^2 x+2x\cos x+\tan x−x^2\sin x \)

    13) \(f(x)=\sqrt{3x^2+2}\)

    14) \(f(x)=\dfrac{x}{4}\sin^{−1}(x)\)

    Answer
    \(f'(x) = \frac{1}{4}\left(\frac{x}{\sqrt{1−x^2}}+\sin^{−1} x\right)\)

    15) \(x^2y=(y+2)+xy\sin x\)

    In exercises 16 - 18, find the indicated derivatives of various orders.

    16) First derivative of \(y=x(\ln x)\cos x\)

    Answer
    \(\dfrac{dy}{dx} = \cos x⋅(\ln x+1)−x(\ln x)\sin x\)

    17) Third derivative of \(y=(3x+2)^2\)

    18) Second derivative of \(y=4^x+x^2\sin x\)

    Answer
    \(\dfrac{d^2y}{dx^2} = 4^x(\ln 4)^2+2\sin x+4x\cos x−x^2\sin x\)

    In exercises 19 and 20, find the equation of the tangent line to the following equations at the specified point.

    19) \(y=\cos^{−1}(x)+x\) at \(x=0\)

    20) \(y=x+e^x−\dfrac{1}{x}\) at \(x=1\)

    Answer
    \(y = (2+e)x−2\)

    In exercises 21 and 22, draw the derivative of the functions with the given graphs.

    21)

    The function begins at (−3, 0.5) and decreases to a local minimum at (−2.3, −2). Then the function increases through (−1.5, 0) and slows its increase through (0, 2). It then slowly increases to a local maximum at (2.3, 6) before decreasing to (3, 3).

    22)

    The function decreases linearly from (−1, 4) to the origin, at which point it increases as x^2, passing through (1, 1) and (2, 4).

    Answer
    The function is the straight line y = −4 until x = 0, at which point it becomes a straight line starting at the origin with slope 2. There is no value assigned for this function at x = 0.

    Questions 22 and 23 concern the water level in Ocean City, New Jersey, in January, which can be approximated by \(w(t)=1.9+2.9\cos(\frac{π}{6}t),\) where \(t\) is measured in hours after midnight, and the height is measured in feet.

    22) Find and graph the derivative. What is the physical meaning?

    23) Find \(w′(3).\) What is the physical meaning of this value?

    Answer
    \(w′(3)=−\frac{2.9π}{6}\). At 3 a.m. the tide is decreasing at a rate of 1.514 ft/hr.

    Questions 24 and 25 consider the wind speeds of Hurricane Katrina, which affected New Orleans, Louisiana, in August 2005. The data are displayed in a table.

    Hours after Midnight, August 26 Wind Speed (mph)
    1 45
    5 75
    11 100
    29 115
    49 145
    58 175
    73 155
    81 125
    85 95
    107 35

    Wind Speeds of Hurricane KatrinaSource: news.nationalgeographic.com/n..._timeline.html.

    24) Using the table, estimate the derivative of the wind speed at hour 39. What is the physical meaning?

    25) Estimate the derivative of the wind speed at hour 83. What is the physical meaning?

    Answer
    \(−7.5.\) The wind speed is decreasing at a rate of 7.5 mph/hr

    Contributors and Attributions

    • Gilbert Strang (MIT) and Edwin “Jed” Herman (Harvey Mudd) with many contributing authors. This content by OpenStax is licensed with a CC-BY-SA-NC 4.0 license. Download for free at http://cnx.org.

    • Was this article helpful?