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8E: Chapter Review Excercises

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    18594
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    Exercise \(\PageIndex{1}\) True or False?

    True or False? Justify your answer with a proof or a counterexample.

    1) If \(\displaystyle \lim_{n→∞}a_n=0,\) then \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞a_n\) converges.

    Answer

    Solution: false

    2) If \(\displaystyle \lim_{n→∞}a_n≠0,\) then \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞a_n\) diverges.

    3) If \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞|a_n|\) converges, then \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞a_n\) converges.

    Answer

    Solution: true

    4) If \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞2^na_n\) converges, then \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞(−2)^na_n\) converges.

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{2}\) bounded, monotone, and convergent or divergent?

    Is the sequence bounded, monotone, and convergent or divergent? If it is convergent, find the limit.

    1) \(\displaystyle a_n=\frac{3+n^2}{1−n}\)

    Answer

    Solution: unbounded, not monotone, divergence

    2) \(\displaystyle a_n=ln(\frac{1}{n})\)

    3) \(\displaystyle a_n=\frac{ln(n+1)}{\sqrt{n+1}}\)

    Answer

    Solution: bounded, monotone, convergent, \(\displaystyle 0\)

    4) \(\displaystyle a_n=\frac{2^{n+1}}{5^n}\)

    5) \(\displaystyle a_n=\frac{ln(cosn)}{n}\)

    Answer

    Solution: unbounded, not monotone, divergent

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{3}\) convergent or divergent?

    Is the series convergent or divergent?

    1) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞\frac{1}{n^2+5n+4}\)

    2) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞ln(\frac{n+1}{n})\)

    Answer

    Solution: diverges

    3) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞\frac{2^n}{n^4}\)

    4) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞\frac{e^n}{n!}\)

    Answer

    Solution: converge

    5) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞n^{−(n+1/n)}\)

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{4}\) convergent or divergent? If convergent, is it absolutely convergent?

    Is the series convergent or divergent? If convergent, is it absolutely convergent?

    1) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞\frac{(−1)^n}{\sqrt{n}}\)

    Answer

    Solution: converges, but not absolutely.

    2) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞\frac{(−1)^nn!}{3^n}\)

    3) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞\frac{(−1)^nn!}{n^n}\)

    Answer

    Solution: converges absolutel

    4) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞sin(\frac{nπ}{2})\)

    5) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞cos(πn)e^{−n}\)

    Answer
    Solution: converges absolutely

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{5}\) Evaluate

    Evaluate

    1) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞\frac{2^{n+4}}{7^n}\)

    2) \(\displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^∞\frac{1}{(n+1)(n+2)}\)

    Answer

    Solution: \(\displaystyle \frac{1}{2}\)

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{6}\)

    1) A legend from India tells that a mathematician invented chess for a king. The king enjoyed the game so much he allowed the mathematician to demand any payment. The mathematician asked for one grain of rice for the first square on the chessboard, two grains of rice for the second square on the chessboard, and so on. Find an exact expression for the total payment (in grains of rice) requested by the mathematician. Assuming there are \(\displaystyle 30,000\) grains of rice in \(\displaystyle 1\) pound, and \(\displaystyle 2000\) pounds in \(\displaystyle 1\) ton, how many tons of rice did the mathematician attempt to receive?

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{7}\)

    The following problems consider a simple population model of the housefly, which can be exhibited by the recursive formula \(\displaystyle x_{n+1}=bx_n\), where \(\displaystyle x_n\) is the population of houseflies at generation \(\displaystyle n\), and \(\displaystyle b\) is the average number of offspring per housefly who survive to the next generation. Assume a starting population \(\displaystyle x_0\).

    1) Find \(\displaystyle \lim_{n→∞}x_n\) if \(\displaystyle b>1, b<1\), and \(\displaystyle b=1.\)

    Answer

    Solution: \(\displaystyle ∞, 0, x_0\)

    2) Find an expression for \(\displaystyle S_n=\sum_{i=0}^nx_i\) in terms of \(\displaystyle b\) and \(\displaystyle x_0\). What does it physically represent?

    3) If \(\displaystyle b=\frac{3}{4}\) and \(\displaystyle x_0=100\), find \(\displaystyle S_{10}\) and \(\displaystyle \lim_{n→∞}S_n\)

    Answer

    Solution: \(\displaystyle S_{10}≈383, \lim_{n→∞}S_n=400\)

    4) For what values of \(\displaystyle b\) will the series converge and diverge? What does the series converge to?


    8E: Chapter Review Excercises is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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