Practice Makes Perfect
Solve Equations Using the Division and Multiplication Properties of Equality
In the following exercises, solve each equation using the Division and Multiplication Properties of Equality and check the solution.
Exercise \(\PageIndex{1}\)
\(8x=56\)
 Answer

\(x=7\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{2}\)
\(7 p=63\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{3}\)
\(5 c=55\)
 Answer

\(c=11\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{4}\)
\(9 x=27\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{5}\)
\(809=15 y\)
 Answer

\(y = \frac{809}{15}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{6}\)
\(731=19 y\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{7}\)
\(37 p=541\)
 Answer

\(p=\frac{541}{37}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{8}\)
\(19 m=586\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{9}\)
\(0.25 z=3.25\)
 Answer

z= 13
Exercise \(\PageIndex{10}\)
\(0.75 a=11.25\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{11}\)
\(13x=0\)
 Answer

\(x=0\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{12}\)
\(24x=0\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{13}\)
\(\frac{x}{4} = 35\)
 Answer

\(x=140\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{14}\)
\(\frac{z}{2}=54\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{15}\)
\(20=\frac{q}{5}\)
 Answer

\(q=100\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{16}\)
\(\frac{c}{3}=12\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{17}\)
\(\frac{y}{9}=16\)
 Answer

\(y=144\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{18}\)
\(\frac{q}{6}=38\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{19}\)
\(\frac{m}{12}=45\)
 Answer

\(m=540\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{20}\)
\(24=\frac{p}{20}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{21}\)
\(y=6\)
 Answer

\(y=6\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{22}\)
\(u=15\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{23}\)
\(v=72\)
 Answer

\(v=72\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{24}\)
\(x=39\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{25}\)
\(\frac{2}{3} y=48\)
 Answer

\(y=72\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{26}\)
\(\frac{3}{5} r=75\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{27}\)
\(\frac{5}{8} w=40\)
 Answer

\(w=64\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{28}\)
\(24=\frac{3}{4} x\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{29}\)
\(\frac{2}{5}=\frac{1}{10} a\)
 Answer

\(a=4\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{30}\)
\(\frac{1}{3} q=\frac{5}{6}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{31}\)
\(\frac{7}{10} x=\frac{14}{3}\)
 Answer

\(x=\frac{20}{3}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{32}\)
\(\frac{3}{8} y=\frac{1}{4}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{33}\)
\(\frac{7}{12}=\frac{3}{4} p\)
 Answer

\(p=\frac{7}{9}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{34}\)
\(\frac{11}{18}=\frac{5}{6} q\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{35}\)
\(\frac{5}{18}=\frac{10}{9} u\)
 Answer

\(u=\frac{1}{4}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{36}\)
\(\frac{7}{20}=\frac{7}{4} v\)
Solve Equations That Require Simplification
In the following exercises, solve each equation requiring simplification.
Exercise \(\PageIndex{37}\)
\(10016=4 p10 pp\)
 Answer

\(p=12\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{38}\)
\(187=5 t9 t6 t\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{39}\)
\(\frac{7}{8} n\frac{3}{4} n=9+2\)
 Answer

\(n=88\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{40}\)
\(\frac{5}{12} q+\frac{1}{2} q=253\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{41}\)
\(0.25 d+0.10 d=60.75\)
 Answer

d=15
Exercise \(\PageIndex{42}\)
\(0.05 p0.01 p=2+0.24\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{43}\)
\(10(q4)57=93\)
 Answer

\(q=11\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{44}\)
\(12(d5)29=43\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{45}\)
\(10(x+4)19=85\)
 Answer

\(x=\frac{72}{5}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{46}\)
\(15(z+9)11=75\)
Mixed Practice
In the following exercises, solve each equation.
Exercise \(\PageIndex{47}\)
\(\frac{9}{10} x=90\)
 Answer

\(x=100\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{48}\)
\(\frac{5}{12} y=60\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{49}\)
\(y+46=55\)
 Answer

\(y=9\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{50}\)
\(x+33=41\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{51}\)
\(\frac{w}{2}=99\)
 Answer

\(w=198\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{52}\)
\(\frac{s}{3}=60\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{53}\)
\(27=6 a\)
 Answer

\(a=\frac{9}{2}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{54}\)
\(a=7\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{55}\)
\(x=2\)
 Answer

\(x=2\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{56}\)
\(z16=59\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{57}\)
\(m41=14\)
 Answer

\(m=27\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{58}\)
\(0.04 r=52.60\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{59}\)
\(63.90=0.03 p\)
 Answer

\(p=2130\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{60}\)
\(15 x=120\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{61}\)
\(84=12 z\)
 Answer

\(y=7\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{62}\)
\(19.36=x0.2 x\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{63}\)
\(c0.3 c=35.70\)
 Answer

\(c=51\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{64}\)
\(y=9\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{65}\)
\(x=8\)
 Answer

\(x=8\)
Translate to an Equation and Solve
In the following exercises, translate to an equation and then solve.
Exercise \(\PageIndex{66}\)
187 is the product of \(17\) and \(m\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{67}\)
133 is the product of \(19\) and \(n\)
 Answer

\(133=19 n ; n=7\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{68}\)
\(184\) is the product of 23 and \(p\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{69}\)
\(152\) is the product of 8 and \(q\)
 Answer

\(152=8 q ; q=19\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{70}\)
\(u\) divided by 7 is equal to \(49\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{71}\)
\(r\) divided by 12 is equal to \(48\)
 Answer

\(\frac{r}{12}=48 ; r=576\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{72}\)
\(h\) divided by \(13\) is equal to \(65\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{73}\)
\(j\) divided by \(20\) is equal to \(80\)
 Answer

\(\frac{j}{20}=80 ; j=1,600\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{74}\)
The quotient \(c\) and \(19\) is \(38 .\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{75}\)
The quotient of \(b\) and \(6\) is 18
 Answer

\(\frac{b}{6}=18 ; b=108\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{76}\)
The quotient of \(h\) and 26 is \(52\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{77}\)
The quotient \(k\) and 22 is \(66\)
 Answer

\(\frac{k}{22}=66 ; k=1,452\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{78}\)
Fivesixths of \(y\) is 15
Exercise \(\PageIndex{79}\)
Threetenths of \(x\) is 15
 Answer

\(\frac{3}{10} x=15 ; x=50\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{80}\)
Fourthirds of \(w\) is 36
Exercise \(\PageIndex{81}\)
Fivehalves of \(v\) is 50
 Answer

\(\frac{5}{2} v=50 ; v=20\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{82}\)
The sum of ninetenths and \(g\) is twothirds.
Exercise \(\PageIndex{83}\)
The sum of twofifths and \(f\) is onehalf.
 Answer

\(\frac{2}{5}+f=\frac{1}{2} ; f=\frac{1}{10}\)
Exercise \(\PageIndex{84}\)
The difference of \(p\) and onesixth is twothirds.
Exercise \(\PageIndex{85}\)
The difference of \(q\) and oneeighth is threefourths.
 Answer

\(q\frac{1}{8}=\frac{3}{4} ; q=\frac{7}{8}\)
Translate and Solve Applications
In the following exercises, translate into an equation and solve.
Exercise \(\PageIndex{86}\)
Kindergarten Connie’s kindergarten class has 24 children. She wants them to get into 4 equal groups. How many children will she put in each group?
Exercise \(\PageIndex{87}\)
Balloons Ramona bought 18 balloons for a party. She wants to make 3 equal bunches. How many balloons did she use in each bunch?
 Answer

6 balloons
Exercise \(\PageIndex{88}\)
Tickets Mollie paid $36.25 for 5 movie tickets. What was the price of each ticket?
Exercise \(\PageIndex{89}\)
Shopping Serena paid $12.96 for a pack of 12 pairs of sport socks. What was the price of pair of sport socks?
 Answer

$1.08
Exercise \(\PageIndex{90}\)
Sewing Nancy used 14 yards of fabric to make flags for onethird of the drill team. How much fabric, would Nancy need to make flags for the whole team?
Exercise \(\PageIndex{91}\)
MPG John’s SUV gets 18 miles per gallon (mpg). This is half as many mpg as his wife’s hybrid car. How many miles per gallon does the hybrid car get?
 Answer

36 mpg
Exercise \(\PageIndex{92}\)
Height Aiden is 27 inches tall. He is \(\frac{3}{8}\) as tall as his father. How tall is his father?
Exercise \(\PageIndex{92}\)
Real estate Bea earned \(\$ 11,700\) commission for selling a house, calculated as \(\frac{6}{100}\) of the selling price. What was the selling
price of the house?
 Answer

$195,000
Self Check
ⓐ After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section.
ⓑ What does this checklist tell you about your mastery of this section? What steps will you take to improve?