# 3.3: Chapter Review

- Page ID
- 37866

\( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

\( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

\( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

\( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

\( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

\( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

\( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

\( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

\( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

\( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

\( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

\( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

\( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

\( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

\( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

\( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

\( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

\( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}} % arrow\)

\( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}} % arrow\)

\( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

\( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

\( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

\( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

\( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

\( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

\( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

\(\newcommand{\avec}{\mathbf a}\) \(\newcommand{\bvec}{\mathbf b}\) \(\newcommand{\cvec}{\mathbf c}\) \(\newcommand{\dvec}{\mathbf d}\) \(\newcommand{\dtil}{\widetilde{\mathbf d}}\) \(\newcommand{\evec}{\mathbf e}\) \(\newcommand{\fvec}{\mathbf f}\) \(\newcommand{\nvec}{\mathbf n}\) \(\newcommand{\pvec}{\mathbf p}\) \(\newcommand{\qvec}{\mathbf q}\) \(\newcommand{\svec}{\mathbf s}\) \(\newcommand{\tvec}{\mathbf t}\) \(\newcommand{\uvec}{\mathbf u}\) \(\newcommand{\vvec}{\mathbf v}\) \(\newcommand{\wvec}{\mathbf w}\) \(\newcommand{\xvec}{\mathbf x}\) \(\newcommand{\yvec}{\mathbf y}\) \(\newcommand{\zvec}{\mathbf z}\) \(\newcommand{\rvec}{\mathbf r}\) \(\newcommand{\mvec}{\mathbf m}\) \(\newcommand{\zerovec}{\mathbf 0}\) \(\newcommand{\onevec}{\mathbf 1}\) \(\newcommand{\real}{\mathbb R}\) \(\newcommand{\twovec}[2]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\ctwovec}[2]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\threevec}[3]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\cthreevec}[3]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\fourvec}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\cfourvec}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\fivevec}[5]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \\ #5 \\ \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\cfivevec}[5]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \\ #5 \\ \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\mattwo}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{rr}#1 \amp #2 \\ #3 \amp #4 \\ \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\laspan}[1]{\text{Span}\{#1\}}\) \(\newcommand{\bcal}{\cal B}\) \(\newcommand{\ccal}{\cal C}\) \(\newcommand{\scal}{\cal S}\) \(\newcommand{\wcal}{\cal W}\) \(\newcommand{\ecal}{\cal E}\) \(\newcommand{\coords}[2]{\left\{#1\right\}_{#2}}\) \(\newcommand{\gray}[1]{\color{gray}{#1}}\) \(\newcommand{\lgray}[1]{\color{lightgray}{#1}}\) \(\newcommand{\rank}{\operatorname{rank}}\) \(\newcommand{\row}{\text{Row}}\) \(\newcommand{\col}{\text{Col}}\) \(\renewcommand{\row}{\text{Row}}\) \(\newcommand{\nul}{\text{Nul}}\) \(\newcommand{\var}{\text{Var}}\) \(\newcommand{\corr}{\text{corr}}\) \(\newcommand{\len}[1]{\left|#1\right|}\) \(\newcommand{\bbar}{\overline{\bvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\bhat}{\widehat{\bvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\bperp}{\bvec^\perp}\) \(\newcommand{\xhat}{\widehat{\xvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\vhat}{\widehat{\vvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\uhat}{\widehat{\uvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\what}{\widehat{\wvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\Sighat}{\widehat{\Sigma}}\) \(\newcommand{\lt}{<}\) \(\newcommand{\gt}{>}\) \(\newcommand{\amp}{&}\) \(\definecolor{fillinmathshade}{gray}{0.9}\)Solve the following linear programming problems by the graphical method.

1) Mr. Shoemacher has $20,000 to invest in two types of mutual funds: a High-Yield Fund and an Equity Fund. The High-Yield fund has an annual yield of 12%, while the Equity fund earns 8%. He would like to invest at least $3000 in the High-Yield fund and at least $4000 in the Equity fund. How much should he invest in each to maximize his annual yield, and what is the maximum yield?

2) Dr. Lum teaches part-time at two community colleges, Hilltop College and Serra College. Dr. Lum can teach up to 5 classes per semester. For every class he teaches at Hilltop College, he needs to spend 3 hours per week preparing lessons and grading papers. For each class at Serra College, he must do 4 hours of work per week. He has determined that he cannot spend more than 18 hours per week preparing lessons and grading papers. If he earns $6,000 per class at Hilltop College and $7,500 per class at Serra College, how many classes should he teach at each college to maximize his income, and what will be his income?

3) Mr. Shamir employs two part-time typists, Inna and Jim, for his typing needs. Inna charges $15 an hour and can type 6 pages an hour, while Jim charges $18 an hour and can type 8 pages per hour. Each typist must be employed at least 8 hours per week to keep them on the payroll. If Mr. Shamir has at least 208 pages to be typed, how many hours per week should he employ each typist to minimize his typing costs, and what will be the total cost?

4) Mr. Boutros wants to invest up to $20,000 in two stocks, Cal Computers and Texas Tools. The Cal Computers stock is expected to yield a 16% annual return, while the Texas Tools stock promises a 12% yield. Mr. Boutros would like to earn at least $2,880 this year. According to Value Line Magazine's safety index (1 highest to 5 lowest), Cal Computers has a safety number of 3 and Texas Tools has a safety number of 2. How much money should he invest in each to minimize the safety number? Note: A lower safety number means less risk.

5) A store sells two types of copy machines: compact (low capacity) and standard (which takes more space). The store can sell up to 90 copiers a month. A maximum of 1080 cubic feet of storage space is available. A compact copier requires 6 cu. ft. of storage space, and a standard copier requires 18 cu. ft.. The compact and standard copy machines take, respectively, 1 and 1.5 sales hours of labor.

A maximum of 99 hours of labor is available. The profit from each of these copiers is $60 and $80, respectively, how many of each type should be sold to maximize profit, and what is the maximum profit?

6) A company manufactures two types of cell phones, a Basic model and a Pro model. The Basic model generates a profit of $100 per phone and the Pro model has a profit of $150 per phone. On the assembly line the Basic phone requires 7 hours, while the Pro model takes 11 hours. The Basic phone requires one hour and the Pro phone needs 3 hours for finishing, which includes loading software. Both phones require one hour for testing. On a particular production run the company has available 1,540 work hours on the assembly line, 360 work hours for finishing, and 200 work hours in the testing department. How many cell phones of each type should be produced to maximize profit, and what is that maximum profit?

7) John wishes to choose a combination of two types of cereals for breakfast - Cereal A and Cereal B. A small box (one serving) of Cereal A costs $0.50 and contains 10 units of vitamins, 5 units of minerals, and 15 calories. A small box(one serving) of Cereal B costs $0.40 and contains 5 units of vitamins, 10 units of minerals, and 15 calories. John wants to buy enough boxes to have at least 500 units of vitamins, 600 units of minerals, and 1200 calories. How many boxes of each food should he buy to minimize his cost, and what is the minimum cost?

8) Jessica needs at least 60 units of vitamin A, 40 units of vitamin B, and 140 units of vitamin C each week. She can choose between Costless brand or Savemore brand tablets. A Costless tablet costs 5 cents and contains 3 units of vitamin A, 1 unit of vitamin B, and 2 units of vitamin C. A Savemore tablet costs 7 cents and contains 1 unit of A, 1 of B, and 5 of C. How many tablets of each kind should she buy to minimize cost, and what is the minimum cost?

9) A small company manufactures two products: A and B. Each product requires three operations: Assembly, Finishing and Testing. Product A requires 1 hour of Assembly, 3 hours of Finishing, and 1 hour of Testing. Product B requires 3 hours of Assembly, 1 hour of Finishing, and 1 hour of Testing. The total work-hours available per week in the Assembly division is 60, in Finishing is 60, and in Testing is 24. Each item of product A has a profit of $50, and each item of Product B has a profit of $75. How many of each should be made to maximize profit? What is the maximum profit?

10) A factory manufactures two products, A and B. Each product requires the use of three machines, Machine I, Machine II, and Machine III. The time requirements and total hours available on each machine are listed below.

Machine I | Machine II | Machine III | |
---|---|---|---|

Product A | 1 | 2 | 4 |

Product B | 2 | 2 | 2 |

Total hours | 70 | 90 | 160 |

If product A generates a profit of $60 per unit and product B a profit of $50 per unit, how many units of each product should be manufactured to maximize profit, and what is the maximum profit?

11) A company produces three types of shoes, formal, casual, and athletic, at its two factories, Factory I and Factory II. The company must produce at least 6000 pairs of formal shoes, 8000 pairs of casual shoes, and 9000 pairs of athletic shoes. Daily production of each factory for each type of shoe is:

Factory I | Factory II | |
---|---|---|

Formal | 100 | 100 |

Casual | 100 | 200 |

Athletic | 300 | 100 |

Operating Factory I costs $1500 per day and it costs $2000 per day to operate Factory II. How many days should each factory operate to complete the order at a minimum cost, and what is the minimum cost?

12) A professor gives two types of quizzes, objective and recall. He plans to give at least 15 quizzes this quarter. The student preparation time for an objective quiz is 15 minutes and for a recall quiz 30 minutes. The professor would like a student to spend at least 5 hours (300 minutes) preparing for these quizzes above and beyond the normal study time. The average score on an objective quiz is 7, and on a recall type 5, and the professor would like the students to score at least 85 points on all quizzes. It takes the professor one minute to grade an objective quiz, and 1.5 minutes to grade a recall type quiz. How many of each type should he give in order to minimize his grading time?

13) A company makes two mixtures of nuts: Mixture A and Mixture B. Mixture A contains 30% peanuts, 30% almonds and 40% cashews and sells for $5 per pound. Mixture B contains 30% peanuts, 60% almonds and 10% cashews and sells for $3 a pound. The company has 540 pounds of peanuts, 900 pounds of almonds, 480 pounds of cashews. How many pounds of each of mixtures A and B should the company make to maximize profit, and what is the maximum profit?