# 1: Introducing Data

- Page ID
- 21545

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- 1.3: Introduction
- Included in this chapter are the basic ideas and words of probability and statistics. You will soon understand that statistics and probability work together. You will also learn how data are gathered and what "good" data can be distinguished from "bad."

- 1.4: Definitions of Statistics, Probability, and Key Terms
- The mathematical theory of statistics is easier to learn when you know the language. This module presents important terms that will be used throughout the text.

- 1.5: Data, Sampling, and Variation in Data and Sampling
- Data are individual items of information that come from a population or sample. Data may be classified as qualitative, quantitative continuous, or quantitative discrete. Because it is not practical to measure the entire population in a study, researchers use samples to represent the population. A random sample is a representative group from the population chosen by using a method that gives each individual in the population an equal chance of being included in the sample.