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7.3: Exercises

  • Page ID
    48991
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    Exercise \(\PageIndex{1}\)

    Use the horizontal line test to determine if the function is one-to-one.

    1. clipboard_e00dcca2039e18db8fefb626195322c1a.png
    2. clipboard_e41a01f3ceb2fa0e71d04b9a4c5220ae3.png
    3. \(f(x)=x^2+2x+5\)
    4. \(f(x)=x^2-14 x+29\)
    5. \(f(x)=x^3-5x^2\)
    6. \(f(x)=\dfrac{x^2}{x^2-3}\)
    7. \(f(x)=\sqrt{x+2}\)
    8. \(f(x)=\sqrt{|x+2|}\)
    Answer
    1. no (that is: the function is not one-to-one)
    2. yes
    3. no
    4. no
    5. no
    6. no
    7. yes
    8. no

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{2}\)

    Find the inverse of the function \(f\) and check your solution.

    1. \(f(x)=4x+9\)
    2. \(f(x)=-8x-3\)
    3. \(f(x)=\sqrt{x+8}\)
    4. \(f(x)=\sqrt{3x+7}\)
    5. \(f(x)=6\cdot \sqrt{-x-2}\)
    6. \(f(x)=x^3\)
    7. \(f(x)=(2x+5)^3\)
    8. \(f(x)=2\cdot x^3+5\)
    9. \(f(x)=\dfrac{1}{x}\)
    10. \(f(x)=\dfrac{1}{x-1}\)
    11. \(f(x)=\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{x-2}}\)
    12. \(f(x)=\dfrac{-5}{4-x}\)
    13. \(f(x)=\dfrac{x}{x+2}\)
    14. \(f(x)=\dfrac{3x}{x-6}\)
    15. \(f(x)=\dfrac{x+2}{x+3}\)
    16. \(f(x)=\dfrac{7-x}{x-5}\)
    17. \(f\) given by the table: \(\begin{array}{|c||c|c|c|c|c|c|}
      \hline x & 2 & 4 & 6 & 8 & 10 & 12 \\
      \hline \hline f(x) & 3 & 7 & 1 & 8 & 5 & 2 \\
      \hline
      \end{array} \)
    Answer
    1. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{x-9}{4}\)
    2. \(f^{-1}(x)=-\dfrac{x+3}{8}\)
    3. \(f^{-1}(x)=x^{2}-8\)
    4. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{x^{2}-7}{3}\)
    5. \(f^{-1}(x)=-\left(\dfrac{x}{6}\right)^{2}-2=\dfrac{-x^{2}-72}{36}\)
    6. \(f^{-1}(x)=\sqrt[3]{x}\)
    7. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{\sqrt[3]{x}-5}{2}\)
    8. \(f^{-1}(x)=\sqrt[3]{\dfrac{x-5}{2}}\)
    9. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{1}{x}+1=\dfrac{1+x}{x}\)
    10. \(f^{-1}(x)=\left(\dfrac{1}{x}\right)^{2}+2=\dfrac{1+2 x^{2}}{x^{2}}\)
    11. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{5}{y}+4=\dfrac{5+4 y}{y}\)
    12. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{5}{y}+4=\dfrac{5+4 y}{y}\)
    13. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{2 x}{1-x}\)
    14. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{6 x}{x-3}\)
    15. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{2-3 x}{x-1}\)
    16. \(f^{-1}(x)=\dfrac{5 x+7}{x+1}\)
    17. \(\begin{array}{|c||c|c|c|c|c|c|}
      \hline x & 3 & 7 & 1 & 8 & 5 & 2 \\
      \hline \hline f^{-1}(x) & 2 & 4 & 6 & 8 & 10 & 12 \\
      \hline
      \end{array}\)

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{3}\)

    Restrict the domain of the function \(f\) in such a way that \(f\) becomes a one-to-one function. Find the inverse of \(f\) with the restricted domain.

    1. \(f(x)=x^2\)
    2. \(f(x)=(x+5)^2+1\)
    3. \(f(x)=|x|\)
    4. \(f(x)=|x-4|-2\)
    5. \(f(x)=\dfrac{1}{x^2}\)
    6. \(f(x)=\dfrac{-3}{(x+7)^2}\)
    7. \(f(x)=x^4\)
    8. \(f(x)=\dfrac{(x-3)^4}{10}\)
    Answer
    1. restricting to the domain \(D=[0, \infty)\) gives the inverse \(f^{-1}(x)=\sqrt{x}\)
    2. restricting to the domain \(D=[-5, \infty)\) gives the inverse \(f^{-1}(x)=\sqrt{x-1}-5\)
    3. restricting to the domain \(D=[0, \infty)\) gives the inverse \(f^{-1}(x)=x\)
    4. restricting to the domain \(D=[4, \infty)\) gives the inverse \(f^{-1}(x)=x+6\)
    5. restricting to the domain \(D=[0, \infty)\) gives the inverse \(f^{-1}(x)=\sqrt{\dfrac{1}{x}}\)
    6. restricting to the domain \(D=[-7, \infty)\) gives the inverse \(f^{-1}(x)=\sqrt{-\dfrac{3}{x}}-7\)
    7. restricting to the domain \(D=[0, \infty)\) gives the inverse \(f^{-1}(x)=\sqrt[4]{x}\)
    8. restricting to the domain \(D=[3, \infty)\) gives the inverse \(f^{-1}(x)=3+\sqrt[4]{10 x}\)

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{4}\)

    Determine whether the following functions \(f\) and \(g\) are inverse to each other.

    1. \(f(x)=x+3, \quad g(x)=x-3\),
    2. \(f(x)=-x-4, \quad g(x)=4-x\),
    3. \(f(x)=2x+3, \quad g(x)=x-\dfrac{3}{2}\),
    4. \(f(x)=6x-1, \quad g(x)=\dfrac{x+1}{6}\),
    5. \(f(x)=x^3-5, \quad g(x)= 5+\sqrt[3]{x}\),
    6. \(f(x)=\dfrac{1}{x-2}, \quad g(x)=\dfrac{1}{x}+2\).
    Answer
    1. yes (that is: the functions f and g are inverses of each other)
    2. no
    3. no
    4. yes
    5. no
    6. yes

    Exercise \(\PageIndex{5}\)

    Draw the graph of the inverse of the function given below.

    1. clipboard_e69f5fbec9b18afa60ce97d8ba4527d2f.png
    2. clipboard_e85679e1eed9dfd1931c682ec9ba575e4.png
    3. clipboard_e7d09259a7bff75260981a24ab80377f7.png
    4. \(f(x)=\sqrt{x}\)
    5. \(f(x)=x^3-4\)
    6. \(f(x)=2x-4\)
    7. \(f(x)=2^x\)
    8. \(f(x)=\dfrac{1}{x-2}\) for \(x>2\)
    9. \(f(x)=\dfrac{1}{x-2}\) for \(x<2\)
    Answer
    1. clipboard_e5bd00924d99bc517e3bba566ce83928e.png
    2. clipboard_e0b24b66918fef93e58f7ed6943572efd.png
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    7. clipboard_ed333d3b0157ca15d4191e03782d7118d.png
    8. clipboard_e8144ade3afe05c7c97a70b1813458b86.png
    9. clipboard_e59e8e7f62c8759d878096556fde3f2e3.png

    This page titled 7.3: Exercises is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Thomas Tradler and Holly Carley (New York City College of Technology at CUNY Academic Works) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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