Skip to main content

# 16: Cryptography


Thumbnail: Alphabet shift ciphers are believed to have been used by Julius Caesar over 2,000 years ago. Caesar cipher with a shift of 3. Plaintext is at the top, Ciphertext is at the bottom. (Public Domain; Matt_Crypto via Wikipedia).

This page titled 16: Cryptography is shared under a CC BY-SA 3.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by David Lippman (The OpenTextBookStore) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

• Was this article helpful?